Infertility is defined as the inability of achieving pregnancy due to certain medical issues in a male or female. From hormonal disorders to disrupted functioning of the ovaries or testes, infertility can be caused due to several factors, with both men and women contributing to it. India, the second-most populous country in the world, finds itself at the centre of a paradoxical situation – an ever-growing population on one hand and a dramatic year-on-year decline in its fertility rate on the other. With a recording of over 27 million couples wanting to conceive but suffering from infertility, there is a concerning increase in infertility complications in India, as observed in research conducted by Inito, a Bangalore-based medical technology company. This disturbing trend can be traced back to career-centric and/or sedentary lifestyles, long working hours, decreasing attention to personal well-being and chronic stress. Increased and regular tobacco and alcohol consumption in males and females is also a major causative factor.
If you are having trouble conceiving, it is best to seek early help. If efforts and results haven’t been successful, it is time to consult the Best Urologists in India or Dr Anupam Bhargava urologist, the Best Gynecologists in India or the best gynaecologist for a second opinion. The earlier the problem is diagnosed and treated, the greater is the chance of success. Those who haven’t been able to enter parenthood have now more chances as infertility treatment is becoming more and more sophisticated. There are plenty of options available, so there is no need to suffer in silence or be bothered by doubts and apprehensions.
Male infertility treatment
In male infertility treatment, the main focus is on treating the male partner. This usually involves treating the male partner’s infection (if present), restoring hormonal balance, medications and supplements, etc. Various therapies may also be used to improve the quality of sperm.
In men, fertility can be treated with:
1- Surgery, if veins in the reproductive sac have widened or a possible blockage in the vas deferens – tubes that carry sperm.
2- Antibiotics to treat infections in the reproductive organs.
3- Counselling and/or medications to treat problems with erections or ejaculation.
4- Hormonal treatments that help rectify low or high levels of certain hormones.
In female infertility treatment, the main focus is on treating the woman. After going through the medical history, the testing begins with a physical exam, including a pelvic exam. The best gynaecologist is the one who makes sure the eggs in the woman patient are being released and that she is ovulating regularly. Blood tests are taken to measure hormone levels. Infection and hormonal analysis flow next, and then advanced treatment such as IVF are recommended after a detailed study of the results.
Infertility treatment in women includes:
5- Fertility drugs or hormones to rectify imbalance or ovulation irregularities.
6- Surgery to treat endometriosis, where tissues build up in the outer wall of the uterus or remove the blockage from fallopian tubes.
Infertility treatment in males and females:
7- Assisted Reproductive Technology is a futuristic take on resolving infertility complications. There are several types of ART that are currently being carried out –
IUI (intrauterine insemination):
Sperm is collected and placed directly inside the woman’s uterus while they are ovulating.
IVF (in vitro fertilisation):
The collected sperm and egg are fused together in a lab. The fertilized egg grows into an embryo which is then placed in the woman’s uterus.
GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer) and ZIFT (zygote intrafallopian transfer):
With GIFT, both the sperm and eggs are placed into the fallopian tube, whilst ZIFT entails a laboratory-fertilised egg to be placed into the fallopian tube within 24 hours.
Take a second opinion from our specialist doctors on medical diagnosis, treatment advice and medications from award-winning super-specialists at SeekMed. One can also type best urologist near me and they shall be redirected to either Dr Anupam Bhargava urologist or Best Urologists in India or Best Gynecologists in India. Women having trouble conceiving can seek a second opinion from the best gynaecologist at SeekMed as to what all affordable and convenient infertility treatment options are available. Get a comprehensive infertility treatment evaluation to improve your health outcomes.