June 14, 2024

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Hemorrhoids: Definition, Types, Causes, And Symptoms

4 min read

Hemorrhoids are a very common condition that can be both painful and embarrassing. They typically develop from straining while constipated, pregnancy, chronic diarrhea, etc. If you’re suffering from hemorrhoids, the first thing to do is determine how severe your symptoms are and then seek treatment accordingly. This guide will help you understand what causes hemorrhoids, prevention methods, and much more.

What Are The Types of Hemorrhoids Or Piles?

Following are the types of piles that individuals can experience:

External Hemorrhoids

It generally occurs as lumps or bulges around the anus, and you can feel it from the outside. Often people tend to mistake a swollen internal hemorrhoid for external piles. But remember, the external hemorrhoids occur around or on the anus instead of lowering down the rectum. 

Additionally, you do not bleed in the case of external piles. Individuals also mistake the skin irritation or tags due to internal hemorrhoids for external piles. Considering the sensitive nerve fiber in the region, you can experience a lot of pain in the external hemorrhoids.

Internal Hemorrhoids

These occur within the rectum, where you cannot see. Since there is no nerve ending within the rectum, these are generally painless. One of the common symptoms of internal piles is bleeding. Moreover, the condition can also result in itching after a bowel movement. Piles that bleed but stay hidden within the rectum are categorized under Grade I piles. Although internal hemorrhoids are generally not seen, they can make their way through the anal opening. Internal hemorrhoids are also known as prolapsed hemorrhoids.

Symptoms Of Hemorrhoids  Or Piles

Following are the symptoms of hemorrhoids that you should look out for:


Pain in the anus or rectum is generally the first sign that you may experience when suffering from external hemorrhoids. Piles can cause a lot of pain when the tissue is swollen and inflamed because of the high nerves in that region. Additionally, the pain will be more severe during the bowel movement since more pressure is placed on the piles.

Itching In The Rectal Region

Itchiness in the rectum is another common symptom of hemorrhoids.  Burning or itching from piles is worst right after the bowel movement. Moreover, it can also be because of the mucus discharged from prolapsed hemorrhoids. The mucus tends to irritate the skin and can cause irritation during bowel movements.


If you experience blood in the stool, it may be a symptom of hemorrhoids. The bright red blood in the stool is a sign that the blood has not moved far above its general pathways. It is a good symptom of piles in the lower anal cavity.


Piles, by definition, are swollen hemorrhoids, imply that there is swelling in the anal region that can be felt. The swelling is the result of irritation and rubbing of the prolapsing tissue. Remember that you may be dealing with an abscess if you feel swelling on the rectum and experience fever.

What Causes Hemorrhoids Or Piles?

Piles occur due to excessive pressure in the rectum’s vein. Following are the reasons that can result in hemorrhoids:

Severe Diarrhea

Suffering from chronic diarrhea can result in pressure that can lead to piles. Irritable bowel syndrome and other diet and conditions are some of the common reasons for diarrhea. When you experience piles and diarrhea, it can worsen the irritation and swelling.


It is one of the common causes of hemorrhoids as you put too much strain in order to pass the bowel movement. This puts excessive pressure on the anus’s veins. When you consume a high in fat diet and low in fiber, it can result in constipation. Additionally, not drinking a sufficient amount is another common cause of constipation, resulting in the stool’s hardening.


People who are obese are more likely to be at risk of hemorrhoids. This is because they put more pressure on the pelvic area from the extra weight of the abdominal. Moreover, if obesity is caused due to poor diet, then individuals can also suffer from constipation, increasing the risk of piles.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnant women are at more risk of suffering from piles due to pressure put on by the continuously growing fetus. It is also common for pregnant women to experience constipation. In some cases straining during childbirth can also result in hemorrhoids.


In some situations, hemorrhoids can be a part of the aging process. With growing age, the tissue surrounding the vein can become weak and stretch. This condition can result in piles.

Understanding the cause of hemorrhoids can help you to develop a preventive measure. In order to avoid this condition, make sure that you consume a high fiber diet, stay hydrated, and keep yourself physically active. Lastly, if you experience the symptoms, ensure to get timely doctor’s treatment so that the situation does not worsen.

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